What is Web Scraping?
According to Wikipedia, Web scraping means “Web scraping (web harvesting or web data extraction) is a computer software technique of extracting information from websites.”
It simply means that you can copy data from other websites to show or store it on your website. Lets say you want to create a currency exchange calcular but you don’t want to input currency rates everyday on the website because its tedious work. You can purchase an API that can cost you around 500 USD or more or you can simply parse the currency values from any website that offers the same service. Simple as that.
Lets start with our today’s project
I’d extract information from state bank of Pakistan’s website to obtain US Dollar, GB Pound, Japanese Yen and Euro to Pakistani Rupee exchange rates.. In PHP, We need a library called PHP Simple HTML DOM Parser for this specific purpose. So lets head over to the website and download the library.
<?php require_once("simpledom.php"); // Loading the Library
$sUrl = file_get_contents("http://www.sbp.org.pk/"); //Enter the Webpage you want to parse
$sPageContent = new simple_html_dom(); // Create New object
$sTable = $sPageContent->find("form",0)->find("table",22); // We’d Parse the Table No 23 within first form
$sUsd = $sTable->find("table",0)->find("td",1)->plaintext; // Get value from td 2 within table 1 in plain text
$sUsd = substr($sUsd,strpos($sUsd," ")+1); // Elemenate "USD " from the result
$sGbp = $sTable->find("table",1)->find("td",1)->plaintext; // Rinse and Repeat
$sGbp = substr($sGbp,strpos($sGbp," ")+1);
$sJpy = $sTable->find("table",2)->find("td",1)->plaintext;
$sJpy = substr($sJpy,strpos($sJpy," ")+1);
$sEur = $sTable->find("table",3)->find("td",1)->plaintext;
$sEur = substr($sEur,strpos($sEur," ")+1);
print "USD : ".$sUsd." – GBP : ".$sGbp." – JPY : ".$sJpy." – EUR : ".$sEur; // Here is the output
Here are the currency rates as off 22 July, 2016.
USD : 104.8398 – GBP : 138.3047 – JPY : 0.9938 – EUR : 115.4916
These Values are in Pakistani rupee and we can do whatever we want to with them. Hope you liked this tutorial. Here’s detailed manual.
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